The ship must be constructed and certified in compliance with the relevant international conventions, including the SOLAS, MARPOL, LOAD LINE and MLC Conventions.
The ship must be constructed and certified in compliance with the rules of a recognized classification society and the Danish Maritime Authority.
Ships registered in an EU country must comply with the “EU Directive on Marine Equipment” (the “Wheel Mark Directive”) regarding certain equipment. Equipment that is not wheel-marked is acceptable if the DMA finds that the equipment has a standard equivalent to that of wheel-marked equipment.
If the ship is transferred from a non-EU flag, the ship must not contain ozone-depleting substances as it is prohibited to import ozone-depleting substances into the EU (Regulation (EC) no. 1005/2009, 16 September 2009.)
The Stockholm agreement concerning specific stability requirements for Ro-Ro Passenger Ships undertaking regular scheduled international voyages between or to or from designated ports in North West Europe and the Baltic Sea and has to be fulfilled if required.
Safety rules and standards for passenger ships
(Directive 2009/45/EC of 6 May 2009)
This applies when the ship is engaged on domestic voyages, see Order no. 1821 of 2021.
Maritime Labour Convention
Danish ships must comply with the provisions of the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC). The MLC’s international requirements have been implemented in Danish legislation via national regulation on occupational health and accommodation.
The operational national regulations on occupational health in ships are found in Notice A, which is available from the DMA webpage.
Technical regulation on occupational health and accommodation is found in Order No.172 of 2022.
Danish regulation and interpretations which are above international regulations, requirements and standards – e.g. IACS standards – are listed below.
National regulations, requirements and interpretations
- Galley equipment must be of the same standard as CE certified equipment.
- It must be possible to lock tilting pans in all the positions used during cooking and cleaning.
- Point extraction must be fitted above the galley range.
- Floors must be fitted with non-skid material.
- Rotating/cutting equipment and large mixers must be shielded/safeguarded.
- Passengers Accommodation: Order No. 1818 of 2021
- Accommodation shall not be placed fore of the collision bulkhead nor on the deck beneath the one that lies immediately below the waterline at the maximum permissible draught. In new ro-ro passenger ships, passenger cabins shall not be placed below the ro-ro deck (the bulkhead deck). Furthermore, reference is made to the requirements on escape routes.
- Requirements regarding determination of the number of passengers in individual rooms.
- One toilet and one washbasin shall be provided for every 50 passengers or part thereof.
- Vertical ladders of more than 5 meters must be fitted with wire or rails for fixing the fall arrest harness.
- Local point extraction systems must be installed at permanent workstations where dust, fumes, gases, aerosols or similar unhealthy substances or matter are produced – e.g. welding benches, cleaning tubs, chemical mixing areas, mixing tables in paint shops and test benches for fuel injectors. The air outlet must be led to the open deck.
- The mouth of the suction pipe shall preferably be placed in bilge wells with the placement of filters close to the end of suction pipes for accessible cleaning. (DMA Order No. 1154, Ch. II-1 C, R. 188.8.131.52)
- Required spare charges for breathing apparatus shall contain at least 3,600 l of air and at least one air compressor, if carrying more than 36 passengers at least two spare charges for each breathing apparatus in addition to the air compressor. (DMA Order No. 1154, Ch. II-2, R. 10.2.5-6.)
- Ships the keels of which are laid or which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 April 1976 shall, regardless of their length, comply with the relevant provisions in the Code of Intact Stability, Res. A.749 (18), as amended by Res. MSC.75 (69). The same shall apply to ships that are being altered if the alteration has considerable effect on the conditions of stability and to ships bought abroad if they are registered with the Ships Register or Danish International Ship Register.
- The guard rail, on the decks to which passengers are given access, shall be constructed with vertical bars, which are connected only to one upper and one lower horizontal bar or stringer. (DMA Order No. 1818 of 2021, §7)
- It may not be possible to keep doors to ro/ro spaces permanently secured in the open position. (DMA Order No. 1154, Ch. II-2 C, R. 184.108.40.206.10)
- Technical Regulation on Special Requirements on the Placing, Strength and Securing of Shell-doors and Weather Tight Ramps on RO/RO ships. (Order No. 17858 of 12 October 1995)
- Noise regulation: If the ship is not covered by SOLAS, regulation I/3-12 on noise, a noise measurement report shall be submitted to DMA for evaluation. A noise measurement from the time of the building of the ship will be sufficient.
The DMA is prepared to consider equivalent solutions, as long as the intentions behind the provisions are complied with.
In case where the ship is equipped with cabins for each individual seafarer and each cabin is equipped with toilet and bath, a hospital need not be installed. In its stead a treatment room which is suitably equipped including washbasin and emergency treatment area to be provided. Only one bed need be installed in the treatment room.
Ships' medicine chests
Danish national regulations stipulate rules on the contents of the medicine chest and the training of the person in charge of medical care (Notice A, chapter IX). The master and the person in charge of medical care (it can the same person) must have medical training according to EU regulation. Officers in charge of medical care from outside EU/EEA must have a 4-days supplementary course. The course can be obtained in Denmark, Manila and Mumbai.
More about it on our website
Danish Recognition Certificate (DRC)
In general, masters and officers must hold an appropriate Danish Recognition Certificate (DRC).
Officers other than the master can serve on Danish vessels with a Certificate of Receipt of Application (CRA) without holding a DRC for a period of three months if so requested by the ship owner after the application is submitted and validated by the DMA.
Nationality of master, other officers and crewmembers
As a general rule, a master can acquire a DRC if s/he is a citizen of an EU/EEA country. It is also possible to get permission to engage non-EU/EEA citizens as masters of specific vessels. For other officers and crewmembers they must be from the Danish list of countries with an agreement on recognition. If the institute from which the crew member holds certification is not approved s/he must go through an operational interview.
Courses in Danish shipping legislation
Management-level officers must pass relevant courses in Danish shipping legislation. Masters are required to pass Danish Maritime Legislation course for Foreign Masters, whereas other senior officers are required to pass Danish Maritime Legislation course for Senior Officers.
Courses in Danish shipping legislation are arranged by Danish Shipping’s Danish Shipping Academy in Manila, Mumbai, Gdynia and Copenhagen and by the maritime academies in Denmark.
This course is offered as an online/e-learning course by Danish Shipping.
For more information, please visit:
Further information on training and course providers
Seafarers serving on Danish vessels must hold a Health Certificate for Seafarers. The certificate can be obtained from authorized medical staff abroad.
Please consult our website for further information
Safety and Health Course
In cargo ships where the safe manning, including the master, numbers five persons or more, a safety organization must be established. One officer and one ship's assistant must have successfully completed a §16 course (Notice A Ch. XI). The courses are offered by approved training providers in Denmark as well as abroad. For example, the maritime academies in Denmark offers §16 course. Abroad Danish Shipping’ Danish Shipping Academy in Manila, Mumbai, Gdynia offers §16 courses. This course is also available as an online e-learning course by Danish Shipping or by Sea, Health and Welfare.
Persons may serve as ship's cooks without holding a Danish certificate of competency if they hold a valid certificate of endorsement pursuant to Order No. 1305 of 05/12/2019.
Further information on our website
Minimum safe manning
Information about the safe manning document is also available on our DMA website
Please note that the DMA will have to make an individual assessment of the safe manning requirements.
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